Najaf, home to the largest cemetery of the ancient Christians in Iraqi

666.jpgHaider al-janabi
 No stranger to the city of Najaf said the historic graves, captivating the well-deserved

ranking number (2) being a cemetery includes the graves of global variegated, Christian and Muslim dating back thousands of years
the Valley of Peace with the Islamic character was the second largest and oldest cemeteries of the world after the tomb of the Christian Vatican Najaf closed her eyelids prophets and apostles, leaders, reformers, scientists, thinkers and writers and the general public, and Contained millions of bodies, between the sand, perhaps survive thanks to the holiness in the afterlife, but the master of survival and the holiest of the existence of Imam Ali Ibn Abi Talib (peace be upon him))).
There are many questions people ask is not it strange that Christians, when will discover the graves of Najaf has become a Christian?, And why people embraced the Nestorian doctrine
And how proved Christian graves? And what are the finds discovered? Months and who are?
Mohammed al-Mayali Director of Inspectorate Effects of the province of Najaf said , “The excavations which we have had for years and we still, on the graves confirm that the Najaf contains the largest Christian cemetery in Iraq, cemetery area of 1116 acres called (or Khashm), and the cemetery has a large extension of the province of Najaf ”
Mayali adds, “We have found indications found on the graves of Christianity represented by sign of the cross, as we found on a piece of stone written on them (Abdul Christ), a known pre-Christian character of Islam, in the city of confusion and found the relics At Alvrchih dating back to the Sassanid period and the period of pre-Islam
Mayali assured that “The graves discovered in the site or Khashm are five types: first, the graves covered with a tractor pottery as the number differs from the tomb to another and the lowest number is 6 jars (where six dead), The second type is covered by the type of stone, and the third type of graves covered with
And about the archaeological finds said Mayali “was discovered glass bottles used to store perfume and different kinds in terms of manufacture, wherein rare species and some cups, as it is known puzzling glass industry in that period, is unique to this industry, and different archaeological finds in the graves of the dead to another, according to
Antiquities discovered in the tomb indicate that the deceased is a man or woman, through the ornaments and types, and most of the discoveries are glass bottles, necklaces of beads of agate and pottery jars small and big, and seals the fee animal, and pots by the writings of old.
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And that most of the pots by the sign of the cross, and this evidence of their conversion to Christianity and some of the discoveries by the Jewish writings, even after the Islamic period, there remained areas of Christian and Jewish areas, and this indicates the religious coexistence, which leads us to the attention of archaeologists Western site

Mayali disclosed that “The graves discovered in the Sea of Najaf and Manathira similar and are the shops or appointed as Asmahunha Shaya _ _ Sea of Najaf in a low area and the oldest dating back to the Sassanid period, i.e., to nearly 2000 years.”
And how to bury the dead and materials burial shows “are different materials used and the form of the tomb in the burial and most of the graves dating back to the Alvrchih containing coffins of clay large, as they will be the tomb gabled volume while graves Sassanid be in the form of pottery jars, multi-and less grave containing 6 jars
About the importance of diversity in burial emphasizes “a n diversity of burial in the area of Umm Khashm more diversity of burial in a cemetery Manathira, because of the succession in the burial area or Khashm ,Sassanid, either in Manathira goes back to the Sassanid, and the reason for the importance of the area of Umm Khashm archaeological
He Mayali to the level of digging graves “that the level of digging graves in Umm Khashm and Manathira ranges from 115 cm to 150 cm, or onions to one meter and a half, has found a Japanese mission in the eye of Shaya on the types of graves, and it seems that the graves in the Sea of Najaf and Manathira WAM Khashm and Alhsah
Dr. Hakim said the presence of more than 33 monasteries, meaning many of the tombs of Christians in Najaf
As a historian of Najaf and contemporary history professor, Dr. Hassan Issa al-Hakim asserts that “the graves were accompanies the monasteries, often from people they buried their dead in a part of the monastery to acquire the sanctity of the place, this indicates the presence of a church or monastery of their proximity, have been found
Hakim added, “The Sea of Najaf, with more than a cemetery, if conducted exploration have been properly and correctly can discover traces of the” Xia “, which has not disclosed yet, which is far from Najaf, only 10 km towards Tarat on the road to Najaf Karbala, and when you stand on the effects of
Speaking prospector archaeological Bassim Kadhim Abood as “on the graves to the” graveyard of Najaf, a very big start from the area of Umm Khashm and Manathira and even a cemetery and the Valley of Peace, if we want to calculate the total area of the Najaf cemetery, without specifying the religious factor is greater than the current size much, as there are graves
The Archaeological Abood: We have found some pots, crosses, and Christian gifts buried with the dead
And Abood adds the name of “we found some relics of Christianity, crosses, and the gifts buried with the dead, and there is a Christian cemetery in the area of Abu Sakhir, and castles fortress worldwide abolition, belonging to the Ottoman period these castles underneath one of ancient tombs dating back to pre-birth period of Alvrchih”
Abood Describes as how they place it with the dead ” they are placed with the dead glass bottles small in some perfumes and another where the oil is sacred buried with the dead, and placed a cross, as well as some things of life, from clothing, jewelry, as they believed, they benefit the deceased in the underworld”.

As we found during the opening of some graves on the clay tablet in the pre-Islamic eras, placed with the deceased, shows that the deceased Abdul or his mother, and the commander is free to be with him as procurement contracts during the period of his life, selling his properties or a list, written on a Babylonian clay in modern times
Says researcher Salma Hussein that “religion Alchristh spread in the confusion, one of the districts of the province of Najaf today, and embraced people doctrine Nestorian, in the seventh century AD, or approximately in 400 CE, the first king who converted to Christianity is the anemone biggest year 420 AD, known Balsaúh Awar
Salma researcher: Christians believe the sanctity of burial in the land of al- Hira.

Translation- Naif Kadhim