Iraq summons Turkish ambassador to demand withdrawal of troops

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Government says it was not informed of deployment near Isis-held Mosul described by Turkey as a rotation of training personnel
Turkey says its troops have been training Kurdish forces, pictured, at camps near Mosul for almost a year. Photograph: Ahmed Jadallah/Reuters
Iraq’s foreign ministry has summoned the Turkish ambassador to demand that Turkey immediately withdraw hundreds of troops deployed to northern Iraq, near the Islamic State controlled city of Mosul.

The ministry said on Saturday that the Turkish forces had entered Iraqi territory without the knowledge of the central government in Baghdad, and that Iraq considered such presence “a hostile act”.

The Turkish prime minister, Ahmet Davuto?lu, said the troop rotation was routine and that Turkish forces had set up a camp near Mosul almost a year ago in coordination with Iraqi authorities.

“This camp was established as a training camp for a force of local volunteers fighting terrorism,” he said in a speech to a labour union that was broadcast live by NTV news channel.

Isis militants overran Mosul in June 2014. A much anticipated counter-offensive by Iraqi forces has been repeatedly postponed because they are tied down in fighting elsewhere. Iraq has urged the international community to provide more weapons and training in its battle against Isis, but rejects most forms of direct intervention, mistrusting the intentions of foreign powers.

Davuto?lu said the camp, located about 19 miles (30km) northeast of Mosul, was set up at the Mosul governor’s request and in coordination with the Iraqi defence ministry. “It has trained more than 2,000 of our Mosul brothers, contributing to the freeing of Mosul from the Islamic State terrorist organisation,” he said.

The Iraqi president, Fouad Massoum, earlier described the deployment as “a violation of international norms and law” and called on Turkey to withdraw, echoing a statement from prime minister Haider al-Abadi’s media office a day earlier.

A senior Kurdish military officer based north of Mosul said additional Turkish trainers had arrived at a camp in the area overnight on Thursday, escorted by a Turkish protection force.

A small number of Turkish trainers was already at the camp to train the Hashid Watani [national mobilisation], a force made up of mainly Sunni Arab Iraqi former police and volunteers from Mosul.

The US was aware of Turkey’s deployment of its soldiers to northern Iraq, but the move is not part of the US-led coalition’s activities, according to defence officials in Washington.

US officials made several statements last week on plans to send more of its troops to Iraq, prompting influential Iraqi politicians and militias to protest against the presence of any foreign troops without explicit permission from parliament.

Powerful Iraqi Shia armed groups have pledged to fight a planned deployment of US forces to the country. Turkey has in recent months been bombing Kurdish militant positions in northern Iraq.