In Jordan, Iraqi Christians look to move abroad

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Iraqi Christian students line up at the Latin Patriarchate school in the Marka district in the eastern part of the capital Amman on December 12, 2017. AFP / KHALIL MAZRAAWI
Kamal Taha| Agence France Presse

AMMAN: Inside a church in Jordan, a displaced Iraqi Christian mother dreams of a brighter future for her children far from the war-torn country they were forced to flee. She is among thousands of Iraqi Christians from the northern town of Bartalla to have sought refuge in neighboring Jordan after running for their lives from extremists.

“We’ve lost everything. Our houses have been pillaged and destroyed. There’s nothing left over there to make it worth returning,” Walaa Louis, 40, said.

When Deash (ISIS) swept across northern Iraq in 2014 they told Christians to convert, pay tax, leave or die. Tens of thousands chose to flee.

Baghdad has announced final victory over the extremist group, but Louis says she will not return to a country where she does not feel safe.

She, her husband and three children – now aged 16, 15 and 8 – fled Bartalla in August 2014, trekking for hours in the dead of night to the Iraqi Kurdish capital of Irbil.
They endured months of struggle in Irbil, including sleeping rough in parks or inside churches.

Iraqi forces retook Bartalla from Daesh earlier this year, but when Louis returned to her hometown in August she found nothing but a home in cinders.

She and her husband decided to head to Jordan, where they filed with the U.N. refugee agency for resettlement “in any safe country” to ensure her children’s future.

But as Christmas approaches, Louis said her family has received no financial aid and their money is running out.

“We’ve spent everything we had,” said Louis, who suffers from a heart condition.

“I can’t even see a doctor or buy Christmas presents for my children,” she said.

For now, her youngest son is among some 200 children aged 6 to 14 attending night classes at the Marka Latin Church in the Jordanian capital Amman.

They are taught by volunteer Iraqi teachers, and receive books, clothes and meals for free.
The night classes are all in English, the school’s head Sanaa Baki said, as the parents of most of the Iraqi students have applied for resettlement abroad.

She is hopeful that the language skills will help the children better settle in foreign schools if these requests are granted.

Some 10,000 Iraqi Christian refugees live in Jordan, according to Father Rifaat Badr, who heads a Catholic research center.

Many of them dream of new lives in Europe, Canada, Australia or in the United States.

The church’s priest, Khalil Jaar, believes education is also key to the children remembering where they come from.

“The saying goes, ‘If you want to destroy a people, erase their history and make their children ignorant,’” he said.

“We need to work to ensure all these children are given their right to education and to life.”

This month, France’s ambassador to Jordan, David Bertolotti, visited the church to announce a 120,000 euro ($140,000) donation for the night classes to continue until the end of the school year.
Under a large Christmas tree, children with wooden crosses dangling around their necks sang the Iraqi national anthem at the top of their lungs.

Ban Benyamin Yussef, a mother-of-four, was among the parents present at the event.

“After Daesh members plundered, destroyed and burned our home and my husband’s grocery shop, we decided to pack our bags and seek refuge in Jordan, hoping to start a new life,” the 43-year-old said.

It was the last leg of a journey fleeing harassment across Iraq.

“When sectarian violence flared in 2006, we received death threats and fled Baghdad for Mosul,” a city in northern Iraq, she said.

Threatened there too, they escaped to a small village north of the city – until Daesh arrived in 2014.

But even now Iraqi forces have claimed victory over the jihadists, Yussef and her family have no intention of returning to Iraq. “We can’t go back. Our towns have been destroyed. We’ve lost everything.”

A version of this article appeared in the print edition of The Daily Star on December 18, 2017, on page 5.